Terms of Use

Acknowledgement of Terms

When you access this site, www.etext.sagepub.in, you acknowledge that you have read the terms set forth below and understood that access to this site is subject to the provisions of the same. If you do not agree to the terms set forth here or in the Privacy Statement, you should exit this site now.


The E-Books made available through the site/platform are copyrighted. The copyrights are owned by SAGE Publications India Private Limited ("SAGE"), or its affiliates or the original creator of the material, depending on the material.

Any sharing of the E-Books, in full or any part thereof, is not permitted and if done, shall be deemed to be a violation of the Copyright of such content and will attract legal proceedings.


All the Trademarks in the website belong to SAGE and / or its licensors and the same cannot be used for any purposes.

No Warranty

While SAGE attempts to provide accurate information on this Web site, it assumes no responsibility for accuracy. We may change the information on the site, or the products mentioned, at any time without notice. It is your responsibility to make independent investigation and verification before taking any commercial or financial decision based on the contents of this web-site.

Material on this site is provided "as is" and does not constitute a warranty of any kind, either express or implied. SAGE disclaims all warranties, expressed or implied. This includes but is not limited to implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. It also includes any expressed or implied warranties arising from any course of dealing, usage or trade practice.

Limitation of Liability

SAGE is not liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, speculative and consequential, whatsoever damages arising out of the use or the inability to use the material on this site. This includes but is not limited to the loss of data or loss of profit, even if SAGE was advised of the possibility of such damages.


While this Web site may contain links to third-party sites, SAGE is not responsible for the content of any linked sites. SAGE provides these links as a convenience and does not endorse the companies or contents of any linked sites.


You will get limited access to various sections and products on this site, when you log in as a guest, for trial. Complete access to products will be available only when you avail the membership on paid services and when such membership is confirmed by us.

Your Posted Information

You are prohibited from posting or transmitting any unlawful, threatening, obscene, libelous, or otherwise offensive material. SAGE would undertake periodic review of this website to prevent uploading of offensive material however it disclaims any liability to do so whether under contract, statute or the law of equity or of torts

Your Submission

Any material, information, or idea submitted or posted on this Web site will be considered non-confidential and non-proprietary. SAGE may share or otherwise use your submission for any purpose whatsoever. If any of the information submitted constitutes personal data, you agree that SAGE may transmit such personal data across national and international boundaries for any business purpose. Personal data will be treated as set forth in our Privacy Statement.